In 1996 The University of Rochester was offering $150 to volunteers for what was designed to be a minimal-risk research study. To 19-year-old Nicole ( Hoiyan ) Wan, a hundred and fifty dollars meant being able to afford a trip home to see her parents in Queens, New York. Nicole, like many college students, found the money offered on a campus flier for participation in the clinical research study to be extremely enticing. Back in Queens, New York, Mr. and Mrs. Wan were unaware of their daughter’s intention to enroll in any study.